All examples use Apache v2.4 on a debian-like system (e.g. Ubuntu) unless otherwise noted
Cache static assets
These configurations add headers to HTTP responses so that the client browser knows what information it can/should cache. In this example, static files (html, images, etc) are cached.
Add this to
.htaccessfile on your website root
Make sure htaccess files are enabled
Your VHOST configuration should have a
AllowOverride Allfor the root of your website, or .htaccess files will not even be read.
Install/enable mod_expires for apache
$ sudo a2enmod expires $ sudo systemctl reload apache2
Check configuration did not break the website
There is no tool (that I know) to test a
.htaccessindividually, so you should test-load a page on your website to see if the configuration did not break anything
Check HTTP headers were added
Using the sample configuration, PNG images should be cached by the browser for 1 year.
Try to open a webpage that contains a PNG and see if the headers were correctly set:Enable Developer Tools (on Chrome) and
open a page that contains a PNG image.
Open tab "Network" and click on a PNG image. If everything is
set up correctly, you should see Cache control and Expires headers set