Git branching: Reference and Examples

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Table of Contents

Checkout file from branch

$ git checkout <branch-name> -- path/to/file.txt

Checkout file from commit

$ git checkout <commit-hash> -- path/to/file.txt

Delete branch locally and on remote

use -D instead of -d to force-delete an unmerged branch

Use git branch -d <branch_name> to delete it locally and then use git push <remote_name> --delete <branch_name> to delete it remotely:

  • 1) Delete the branch locally

    $ git branch -d old-branch
    Deleted branch old-branch (was eeb9376).
    
  • 2) Delete the branch on remote

    $ git push origin --delete old-branch
    To git@github.com:username/my-repo.git
     - [deleted]         old-branch
    

Make local branch track remote branch

Use git branch -u <remote-name> <local-name>

EXAMPLE: make local branch foo track origin/foo

$ git branch -u origin/foo foo

Fetch and track remote branch

TEMPLATE: git fetch origin my-branch:my-branch then git checkout my-branch

  • 1) fetch

    $ git fetch origin branch-1:branch-1
    
  • 2) checkout

    $ git checkout branch-1
    

Git clone branch

This is useful if you need to keep multiple branches of a single repo.

To git clone a branch, use git clone -b <branch-name> <url>:

$ git clone -b my-branch git@github.com:my-user/repo.git repo-my-branch

Dialogue & Discussion